Telemedicine: what it is and how it works • Health Congress 2022

Telemedicine: what it is and how it works • Health Congress 2022

Discover the largest and most important event of the healthcare sector in Brazil.

Scientific research is constantly being carried out to offer new avenues for global medicine. These advances also happen to better serve the population in the midst of new ways of life.

The pandemic scenario has generated the need to implement a model of Medicine born in the 1950s, inserting remote assistance into people’s daily lives. Find out how telemedicine works and what its advantages are.

What is telemedicine?

The practice of remote medicine is a method born to monitor patients, exchange medical information and analyze test results, providing assistance to traditional medicine carried out in person in the studies.

The greatest ally of telemedicine is technology, which is essential for remote consultations.  (Source: National Cancer Institute / Reproduction)
The greatest ally of remote medical practice is technology, which is essential for conducting online consultations. (Source: National Cancer Institute / Reproduction)

Emerged in the 1950s, this modality has acquired global contours and currently allows medical treatment in different parts of the world.

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How does telemedicine work?

The modality is part of the global concept of eHealth, contextualized by the Healthcare Information and Management Systems Society (HIMSS) as the use of the Internet and other information technologies to promote improvements in patient care and treatment, as well as providing better conditions funding for health systems.

Also known as “digital health”, this concept helps in the exchange of information, in the interaction between doctors and patients and in accessing examinations and treatments. Remote Medicine uses four main aspects for its functioning:

  1. remote assistance – guarantees good patient care through the exchange of information between doctors both remotely and in person in hospitals and clinics;
  2. teleconsultation – takes place between professionals, usually to ask for other opinions, and between professional and patient, when the consultation takes place online;
  3. teleeducation – promotes the health sector, training professionals with lectures, conferences and courses promoted remotely and online;
  4. telelaudo – consists in issuing online reports, in which it is possible to access imaging and blood tests, as well as reports for diagnosis and monitoring of various health conditions.
With telemedicine it is possible to carry out online consultations and much more, as the modality provides for various activities in the health sector.  (Source: National Cancer Institute / Reproduction)
It is possible to do online consultations and much more, as remote medicine includes several activities in the sector. (Source: National Cancer Institute / Reproduction)

What are the benefits of telemedicine?

The practice has shown benefits for the different actors involved in the process. Among the main advantages are:

  • brings doctors and patients closer;
  • facilitates the exchange of information between health services;
  • reduces patient travel to hospitals and clinics;
  • promotes access to health care for remote communities;
  • speeds up the delivery of reports, improving their quality;
  • provides access to reference experts and professionals in their areas;
  • reduces the demand for hospitals and large centers to perform tests.

Telemedicine in Brazil

In Brazil, the pandemic was primarily responsible for the disclosure of the practice, at which time the Brazilian government began allowing remote consultations, which until then had not been regulated.

Investments in the modality are huge in the country, with the aim of promoting, disseminating and developing programs to encourage the medical modality. Between the high transmission rates of covid-19 and hospitals with full bedding, telemedicine was essential to monitor patients and continue to offer care to Brazilians during the pandemic.

How will telemedicine address social isolation?

The remote medical care modality is here to stay and has conquered the Brazilians.

The telemedicine modality collaborates with remote examinations and diagnosis.  (Source: Irwan iwe / Reproduction)
The Remote Medicine mode works together with the execution of remote examinations and diagnoses. (Source: Irwan iwe / Reproduction)

The integration of the practice has yielded good results for professionals, patients, the health system and the entire supply chain involved. Therefore, the scenario is positive after social isolation.

The main trend for the future of telemedicine is telediagnosis, in which professionals will be able to diagnose more efficiently, optimizing the routine of hospitals and clinics and promoting activities such as:

  • performing remote electrocardiograms;
  • remote issue of image reports;
  • carry out diagnostics in emergency rooms that operate remotely.

Do I want to know more? See the opinion and explanation of our partner health specialists here.

Source: Telemedicine Portal, Brazil Telemedicine, Conexa Saúde.

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