In the first two months of 2022 the number of Peruvian exporting companies reached 4,186, the highest historical figure of the period, registering an increase of 7.4% (287 new companies) compared to the same period last year (3 thousand 899), the Research Center on Global Economy and Business of the Association of Exporters (CIEN-ADEX).
The increase is due to the recovery of micro, small and medium-sized enterprises (MSME), mainly in the traditional and various mining subsectors, which offset the slight reduction in large enterprises.
According to the CIEN-ADEX report, in the first two months of the year micro-enterprises (3 thousand 090) represented 73.8% of the total, small (924) 22.1%, medium-sized (36) 0.9 % and large (136) 3.2%, with which micro, small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) concentrated 96.8% of all exporting units.
In US $ FOB, it was observed that 87.7% of what was shipped overseas was paid by large companies, followed by small (9.2%), medium (1.8%) and micro enterprises (1, 3%).
Although the MSMEs achieved a participation of 96.8% of the total, they concentrated only 12.3% of the exported value, which reflects their high atomization, putting their permanence in the foreign market at risk, the report indicates.
By sectors, the highest number corresponded to agri-food (1,272), followed by chemistry (627), miscellaneous (618), metalworking (615), clothing (577), traditional mining (334), textiles (243), extraction of non-metallic metals (208), traditional agriculture (191), steel industry (188), fisheries and aquaculture (182), wood (99), among others.
The items that saw a reduction in the stock of companies were chemicals (-23), clothing (-15), steel industry (-13), fisheries and aquaculture (-11), hydrocarbons (-5) and traditional fishing (-4 ).
Similarly, in February 2022, those exporting from a single production sector predominated (82.9% of the total), in two sectors they were 11.8%, in three 3.5% and in 4 or more only 1.8%.
With regard to products, 53.7% of companies (2 thousand 249) shipped a single product, which highlighted its fragility in the face of any external impact of the market, 34% (1,424) between 2 and 5, 6.5% (270) between 6 and 9 products and only 5.8% (243) achieved high diversification with a portfolio of 10 or more items.
Nationally, 2,703 companies (64.6% of the total) had a single target market, of which the United States was the most important. Conversely, 146 (3.5%) arrived with their products in 10 or more countries.
If you only look at companies that have a single destination and export a single product, the number rises to 1,324. These are the most vulnerable to possible changes in trade policies.
In this group, 73.6% were micro, 21.1% small, 4.2% large and 1.2% medium.
/ IT / NDP /